Pregnancy and hormonal changes that continue 12 weeks after giving birth increase a woman’s risk of heart attack, researchers said.
Although the likelihood of having a heart attack during pregnancy is very low — just 1 in every 16,000 de11liveries — it is still 3 to 4 times higher than non-pregnant women of the same age.
Moreover, heart attacks during pregnancy tend to be more severe and lead to more complications, according to a study presented at the annual scientific sessions of the American College of Cardiology meeting in Chicago this week.
Hormonal changes, increased blood volume and other physiological changes that happen during pregnancy increase the risk, researchers said, adding that heart attacks happen for different reasons in pregnant women than those commonly seen in the general population.
Atherosclerosis, a narrowing of the arteries, is the most common cause of heart attack in the general population, but this was the cause in only a third of pregnant women who had a heart attack, they said.
The more common reason pregnant women had a heart attack was a condition called coronary dissection, a separation of the layers of the artery wall that blocks blood flow. They said this condition is very rare among non-pregnant patients.