Women who take fish oil during pregnancy are less likely to have miscarriages or suffer serious complications such as gestational diabetes and pre-eclampsia, an Australian study suggests.
The study by scientists at the University of Western Australia examined the impact of fish oil on pregnant rats and found that it addresses numerous medical disorders by reducing inflammation of the placenta.
While it has long been known that fish oil helps to enhance the development of the brain of the foetus, the study is the first to show that fish oil improves the functioning of the placenta.
The researchers found that consuming fish oil led to higher levels of resolvins in the placenta. Resolvins are formed from omega-3 fatty acids and have been shown to address inflammatory conditions.
About a third of women suffer from inflammatory conditions during pregnancy.