One of the great things about having a blog is that I can share with my readers the experiences I am dealing with and my personal research on parenting issues and dilemmas because other parents may benefit.
Another wonderful value is the fact that I am sent plenty of resources, information and tips from brands, organizations, the government and other entities. Often times, the info and tips are insightful and quite timely.
For example, right now, my husband and I are struggling with getting our high school athlete to eat better and healthier so that he can become a more stronger asset to the team. Also, unlike training when he was in middle school, his high school cross country (long distance running) team requires that he train for a minimum of 2 hours 6 days a week and run in meets once a week. That is 6 days of running! Obviously, he will need to fuel his body properly to maintain that level of intense activity.
Heather Mangieri, a national media spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, says there are six food rules that athletes, coaches, and families should employ to help bring about that understanding. She reveals them in her forthcoming book, “Fueling Youth Athletes” (Human Kinetics, December 2016) and it was awesome to get these tips as they came just in time for me:
1. Eat meals—no grazing. Mangieri dislikes the word “snack” because it conjures up visions of chips, pretzels, sweets, or a single piece of fruit. She would prefer to replace “snack” with “mini-meal” and encourages young athletes to eat one or two of them each day between regular meals. These mini-meals should contain at least two food groups and include a source of high-quality protein. The foods should also be filling so that they help the athlete feel satisfied until the next meal. “Eating a mini-meal makes you feel as though you actually ate a meal,” comments Mangieri, “and helps to prevent grazing and picking at foods between meals.”
2. Never use food as a reward. Mangieri, founder of Nutrition CheckUp, a nutrition consulting practice with expertise in sport nutrition, weight management, and disordered eating, stresses that you should never use food as a reward for good behavior. Using food as a reward teaches young athletes to categorize foods as good or bad and can lead to negative feelings about food. While studies show using tasty foods as a reward makes them more enticing, making kids stay at the dinner table until they finish their vegetables makes them less interested in healthy food. Instead, families should use other items as rewards for good behavior, such as books, music downloads, or movies.
“Parents can help the children be successful by getting trigger or comfort foods out of the house and filling the cabinets with healthy foods and snacks that are ready to eat.”
3. Be a role model. Giving advice is easy, but youth athletes are much more likely to do what their parents and coaches do, not what they say. “Nutrition is taught from an early age in the home,” Mangieri says. “Expecting children or teenagers to eat vegetables when parents do not is unrealistic.” The mother of three active children herself, she thinks parents should not only tell their young athletes how to eat healthfully but also show them how to eat healthfully. Similarly, coaches can do this by providing the right options for recovery or by selecting eating establishments after a game that offer healthy choices.
4. Make it a family affair. If a child needs to lose weight, it is not just the child’s concern—it is the family’s concern as well. When one child is struggling with weight, singling him or her out as having a problem can leave them feeling isolated and be detrimental to self-esteem. Mangieri recommends keeping the situation positive and focusing on how the family can eat better together. Family members should work together to eat healthier and become more physically active.
5. Create a healthy environment. Mangieri points out the obvious: you can’t eat what is not in the house. If children or teenagers come home from school or practice hungry, they are likely to grab the first thing they see. So, if the cabinet if filled with chips, pretzels, and sweet treats, there is a high likelihood the kids will choose those items. Telling kids not to eat those things will not work. Parents can help the children be successful by getting trigger or comfort foods out of the house and filling the cabinets with healthy foods and snacks that are ready to eat. “This does not mean that children should be deprived of foods they like,” Mangieri explains. “If they really want ice cream, drive to the store and buy a small cone. Feed the craving without overindulging.”
6. Power down during mealtimes. Eating well includes paying attention to what you are eating, not your electronics. When young athletes are engaged in texting conversations or watching videos during mealtime, it can lead to overeating. It is hard for them to pay attention to hunger and satiety cues when they are engaged with an electronic device. Mangieri recommends that families power down the devices, turn off the television, and focus on fueling their bodies properly.
Covering weight management, supplementation, fueling, hydration, and more, “Fueling Young Athletes” addresses the issues that families and athletes most often face, such as late-night practices, inconvenient school lunch times, demanding tournament schedules and travel leagues, and lack of sleep.