Derya Sert, a married housewife from Turkey who was born without a womb, has undergone IVF treatment and doctors will reveal the results of a pregnancy test this week.
If positive, the news of the 22-year-old’s pregnancy will herald a world-first and will bring hope to thousands of British women without a womb.
Mrs Sert made medical history in August 2011 by becoming the first woman to have a successful womb transplant, receiving a new uterus from a dead donor.
Doctors waited 18 months to start fertility treatment and on Monday implanted a fertilized embryo into her new womb.
Professor Omer Ozkan, who carried out the procedures at Akdeniz University in Antalya, Turkey, said that blood tests would reveal within days whether the embryo – one of Mrs Sert’s eggs fertilized with her husband’s sperm – would lead to a pregnancy.
The result of the tests are likely to be announced to the world on Wednesday.
British doctors said that if the pregnancy was successful, it could mean similar transplants being carried out in the UK within a couple of years.