The study surveyed 2511 adults nationwide combined with an American Time Use Survey that has been conducted in an ongoing basis since 2003. The Pew Study also had available time use data from 1965. According to the study, fathers still put in 16 hours of paid work more than the mothers, but they are doing more housework and putting in more time with child care than they used to. When compared with the number from 1965, fathers have increased the amount of house work they do from 4 to 10 hours a week, and most notably increased their time involved in child care from a 1965 average of 2.5 hours a week to 7 hours a week. Comparably, women are spending more time in paid work now (21 hours) than in 1965 (8 hours a week) and have cut the hours of housework by 44%. Despite spending more time out of the house and in jobs now than in the past, women have managed to increase the number of hours in a week they spend with their children.
Roughly 60% of homes with children under the age of 18 have two parents who work. In those households, when the paid work is combined with housework, the workload is equally shared. While almost equal numbers of moms and dads say they would like to be home raising their kids, fathers are more likely to want to work full time. Still 32% of moms say they want to work full time, which is a drastic increase.